Fluoroscopy is a type of medical imaging that shows a continuous X-ray image on a monitor, much like an X-ray movie. During a fluoroscopy procedure, an X-ray beam is passed through the body. The image is transmitted to a monitor so the movement of a body part or of an instrument or contrast agent (“X-ray dye”) through the body can be seen in detail.
Information for the imaging team
The imaging team, which includes the physician, radiologic technologist, physicist, and other medical personnel should be responsible for developing optimized protocols, implementing regular equipment quality control tests, and monitoring radiation doses to patients as part of quality assurance program emphasizing radiation management.
Health care providers who use fluoroscopy should be properly trained in its use. In a report issued in 2010, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) made specific recommendations for facilities that perform fluoroscopic procedures. These recommendations can be applied to all fluoroscopy procedures. They include:
- Assuring that all operators of the system are trained and that they understand the operation of the fluoroscopic system, including the implications for radiation exposure from each mode of operation.
- Assuring that physicians performing fluoroscopic procedures are appropriately trained and credentialed, so they can, on a case-by-case basis, assess risks and benefits for individual patients, considering variables such as age, pregnancy status, beam location and direction, tissues in the beam and previous fluoroscopic procedures or radiation therapy.